ACA Official Rules of Cornhole / Corn Toss
These are the official rules and regulations of
the American Cornhole Association (ACA). The rules and regulations have
been developed and ratified by a majority of ACA members for ACA
sanctioned tournament play. The rules are not a mandate, but rather a
guideline to promote consistent and standard Cornhole / Corn Toss play
around the country. It is the responsibility of each ACA member to
strive to meet these rules and regulations in all ACA sanctioned
See ACA Sanctioned Tournaments for a listing of scheduled tournaments.
OFFICIAL RULES OF CORNHOLE / CORN TOSS
Published By The AMERICAN CORNHOLE ASSOCIATION (ACA)
(Last Revision July 13, 2009)
RULE 1 - COURT LAYOUT
Section A. Dimensions - A Cornhole /
Corn Toss court shall be a level rectangular area 10 ft wide and a
minimum of 45 ft long. The court should consist of two corn platforms,
designated pitchers boxes and foul lines. A north-south setting is
recommended for outdoor courts to minimize the effects of the sun.
Section B. Pitcher's Box - The pitcher's box is the rectangle 4
ft by 3 ft at each end of the court, parallel and on both sides of
Cornhole platforms. Each contestant must remain in the pitchers box
while pitching the corn bag.
Section C. Multiple Courts - To eliminate distraction and safely
separate activity, Cornhole / Corn Toss courts adjacent to each other
shall be a minimum of 10 feet apart. A greater distance (at least 12
feet) is preferable.
Section D. Foul Lines – There are two sets of foul lines: (1)
open adult play and (2) junior play. The open adult play foul lines
shall be defined as an imaginary line 30 ft. from the beginning of the
hole in the opposite Cornhole platform. For Cornhole / Corn Toss sets
that meet ACA specifications, this foul line will be parallel to the
front of the cornhole platform. The junior play foul lines shall be
defined as an imaginary line 21 ft. from the beginning of the hole in
the opposite cornhole platform. See the diagram below.
Section E. Covered Or Indoor Courts - The regulations for
covered and indoor Cornhole / Corn Toss courts are exactly the same
with the additional stipulation that they shall have a minimum 12 foot
vertical clearance to the lowest possible obstruction.
RULE 2 - PLAYING EQUIPMENT - CORNHOLE PLATFORMS AND BAGS
Section A. Equipment Standards - The ACA has adopted the following equipment specifications and standards for Cornhole / Corn Toss:
1. Each Cornhole platform shall be a 48" x 24" rectangle made of half inch plywood. ACA sanctioned tournaments should only be played with wooden Cornhole platforms as there is significant variance in play between wooden and plastic or other surfaces.
2. The hole in the Cornhole platform shall be six inches in diameter and be centered nine inches from the top and 12 inches from each side of the Cornhole platform edges.
3. The front of the Cornhole platform shall be from 2-1/2” inches from bottom to top and be at near a 90-degree angle to the deck face.
4. The back of the Cornhole platform shall be 12 inches from ground to the highest point of the deck at a 90-degree angle to the deck face.
5. The cornhole platform should have solid wood sides with the only
opening to the underside of the cornhole platform being through the
hole in the cornhole platform. Although portable fold-down platforms
are acceptable (with open sides), platforms with solid wooden sides are
preferred for ACA sanctioned tournament play as it is sometimes
difficult (especially late in the day) to determine if a corn bag was
pitched into the hole or came to rest under the cornhole platform by
being pitched through the open sides in a cornhole platform.
6. The Cornhole / Corn Toss play surface shall be finish sanded to
a very smooth texture and there shall not be any blemishes in the wood
surface that might disrupt or distort play.
7. The Cornhole / Corn Toss play surface shall be painted with a
high gloss latex paint resulting in a surface that allows corn bags to
slide but is not so slippery that it allows the bags to slide back down
the platform. The preferable color is white, but any easy to see color
is acceptable for tournament play.
8. The corn bags shall be made from two fabric squares with a quarter
inch double stitched seam on all four sides. The corn bags should be
made from 12 oz / sq yd duck canvas and may be any color that is easy
to see during Cornhole play. Each bag shall be filled with
approximately 2 cups of corn feed and finished bags should be a minimum
of 6" X 6" square and weigh between 14 and 16 ounces.
Section B. ACA Seal Of Approval - The ACA
shall issue its Seal of Approval to any Cornhole / Corn Toss equipment
manufacture or reseller of Cornhole / Corn Toss products that agrees to
abide by the ACA standards for design and play. Cornhole / Corn Toss
equipment carrying the ACA Seal of Approval is preferred for ACA
sanctioned tournaments and is recommended for all Cornhole / Corn Toss
events to assure more consistent play.
RULE 3 - PITCHING DISTANCES
Section A. Adults - All open adult
contestants shall pitch from the pitcher’s box behind the 30 foot foul
lines. Physically impaired adults or seniors may, if agreed by all
contestants, observe the 21 foot foul lines.
Section B. Juniors - Junior contestants may pitch from any place, but must observe the 21 foot foul lines.
RULE 4 – CORNHOLE COURT PREPARATION AND MAINTENANCE
Section A. Court Maintenance - Every
effort shall be made to keep the Cornhole / Corn Toss play surface in
perfect playing condition. Cornhole / Corn Toss courts should be free
of anything that might distract a contestant during play. Each
contestant is responsible for making sure the court is in good playing
condition prior to starting the match. During a match, a contestant
shall not be allowed to alter the Cornhole / Corn Toss court in any
manner without the consent of the opponent or a tournament official.
Section B. Distractions During Play - Every effort shall be made
to keep from distracting contestants during Cornhole / Corn Toss play.
Drinks and other personal belongings should be placed behind the
cornhole platform in designated beverage holders or other secure
locations to keep from distracting contestants.
RULE 5 - PLAY OF THE GAME
Section A. Singles Or Doubles Play -
Cornhole / Corn Toss can be played as doubles or singles. In doubles
play two contestants are partners against another team of two
contestants; in singles play a contestant competes against another
contestant. In doubles play, one member of each team pitches from one
cornhole platform and the other members pitch from the other cornhole
platform. In singles play, both contestants pitch from the same
cornhole platform. All other rules are basically the same for doubles
or singles play.
Section B. Innings - Every Cornhole / Corn Toss match is broken
down into innings of play. During each inning of play each contestant
must pitch all four corn bags.
Section C. Value Of The Corn Bag -
1. Corn Bag In-The-Hole - A corn bag in-the-hole (or Hole-In) is a corn
bag which is thrown through the hole in the cornhole platform or
otherwise comes to rest inside the cornhole platform (knocked in by
another player or an act of God). A corn bag in-the-hole has a value of
2. Corn Bag In-The-Count - A corn bag that is not in-the-hole but lands
with any portion of the corn bag resting on the cornhole platform is
in-the-count. A corn bag in-the-count has a value of one point. For a
corn bag to be in-the-count, it must not touch the ground or any other
portion of the court prior to coming to rest on the cornhole platform.
If a corn bag touches the ground before coming to rest on the cornhole
platform, it is a foul and must be removed from the cornhole platform
prior to the continuation of play.
3. Corn Bag Out-Of-The-Count - A corn bag which comes to rest
anywhere except in-the-count or in-the-hole is out-of-the-count and has
no scoring value. A corn bag which is declared to be a foul is
considered to be out-of-the-count (no matter where it comes to rest)
and must be removed from the cornhole surface prior to the continuation
Section D. Delivery Of Corn Bags -
1. In doubles play, the first side of contestants alternate pitching
corn bags until they have thrown all four corn bags, then the remaining
contestant (pitching from the other cornhole platform) continue to
alternate in the same manner until all four corn bags are delivered and
the inning completed. Delivery in singles play is handled in the same
manner (but from the same platform) with each of the two contestants
alternating their pitching of corn bags until all four corn bags have
been pitched completing the inning.
2. A contestant may deliver the corn bag from either the left or right
pitchers box (see above) but, in any one inning, all corn bags must be
delivered from the same pitcher’s box. A contestant shall pitch the
entire tournament with the same hand or arm, except in the case of a
3. Each individual contestant shall deliver the corn bag within 20
seconds. The time shall start when the contestant steps onto the
pitcher’s box with the intention of pitching.
Section E. Pitching Rotation During The Game - The contestant
who scored in the preceding inning shall pitch first in the next
inning. If neither pitcher scores, the contestant who pitched second
(last) in the preceding inning shall pitch first in the next inning.
Section F. Position Of Contestants During Delivery -
1. The pitcher must maintain constant contact with the designated
pitcher’s box (See diagram above) during the entire address and release
of the corn bag. The only exception is for junior and physically
challenged contestants, who must simply remain completely behind the 21
ft. foul line when the corn bag is released. The opponent, while not
pitching, shall stand behind the cornhole platform at least 2 feet to
the rear of the contestant who is pitching. After a short distance
contestant (junior or physically challenged) pitches first they must
return to the cornhole platform if the opponent or any contestant on an
adjacent court is a full distance pitcher.
2. If both contestants use the same pitchers box to deliver their corn
bags, the contestant pitching first should cross over to the other
pitchers box in front of the cornhole platform and then move to the
proper position. (see #1 above) As the first contestant is crossing in
front the second contestant should be crossing over in back and
mounting the pitchers box from the rear. If both contestants use
opposite pitchers boxes, the contestant who pitches first should step
directly back to the proper position described in #1 of this section.
Section G. Foul Corn Bags - A foul corn bag is a corn bag which
was delivered in non-compliance with one of the rules of the game. It
scores as a corn bag out of the count and is to be removed from the
Cornhole / Corn Toss court before any more corn bags are pitched. Corn
bags already in the court that have been knocked into foul territory by
a foul corn bag should be returned to the scoring area. Additionally,
corn bags that are in the count, but are knocked into the hole by a
foul corn bag must be returned to their original scoring position.
1. The following are rule violations that must be spotted and
called by an contestant or assigned judge. The penalty is to declare
the corn bag a foul corn bag, which requires the corn bags to be
removed from the court prior to resuming play.
(a) Any corn bag pitched when the contestant has made contact with or
crossed over the foul line before the corn bag is released.
(b) Except as provided above, any corn bag pitched when the contestant
has started or stepped completely outside the pitching box before
releasing the corn bag.
(c) Any corn bag not delivered within the twenty second time limit.
(d) A corn bag pitched from a different pitchers box than the first corn bag.
(e) Any corn bag that contacted the court or the ground before coming to rest on the cornhole platform.
(f) Any corn bag which struck a previously defined object such as a tree limb, wire, indoor court ceiling, etc.
(g) Any corn bag that leaves a contestant's hand once the final forward
swing of the delivery process has started shall count as a pitched corn
bag. A corn bag that is accidentally dropped by a contestant before the
final forward swing has started shall not be considered foul and may be
picked up and pitched.
2. A contestant's corn bags shall be called foul if the contestant
removes any corn bag before the scoring of that corn bag has been
agreed upon. A judge shall be called if a decision cannot be reached.
The judge shall determine the scoring for the inning.
Section H. Protests - If a contestant desires to make a protest,
the protest shall be made to the judge or tournament official at the
time the problem occurs. The tournament judge shall make the final
ruling on all protests.
RULE 6 - LENGTH OF THE GAME
Section A. Point Limits - The
Cornhole / Corn Toss match shall be played until the first team of
contestants reaches (or exceeds) 21 points at the completion of an
inning. The winning team does not need to win by two or more points.
Section B. The Inning Must Be finished - The Cornhole / Corn
Toss match can never end in the middle of an inning. Thus, if a team
that pitches first reaches or exceeds 21 points, the game can not end
until the other side is allowed to pitch all of their corn bags and the
inning is completed.
Section C. Ties At The End Of An Inning – If the Cornhole / Corn
Toss match is tied at 21 or more at the end of an inning, play
continues until one team or the other achieves a higher score at the
end of an inning and wins the match.
Section D. Skunks - The game shall be played to 21 unless a team
scores 7 or more points at the end of an inning before their opponents
score any points. It this case the game is a skunk and the team that
scores 7 or more points wins the match.
RULE 7 – SCORING
Section A. Cancellation Scoring - In
cancellation scoring, corn bags in-the-hole and corn bags in-the-count
pitched by opponents during an inning or half of an inning in doubles
play cancel each other out. Only non cancelled corn bags are counted in
the score for the inning.
1. Corn Bags In-The-Hole – Hole-ins (HI’s) cancel each other. A
corn bag in-the-hole of one contestant shall cancel a corn bag
in-the-hole of his competitor and those corn bags shall not score any
points. Any non cancelled corn bag in-the-hole scores three points.
2. Corn Bags In-The-Count – Corn bags in-the-count cancel each other. A
corn bag in-the-count of one contestant shall cancel a corn bags
in-the-count of the opponent and those corn bags shall not score any
points. Any non cancelled corn bags in-the-count score one point each.
Section B. Score Calculation - Cancellation scoring may be easily calculated as follows:
1. The points of both contestants are calculated for hole-ins and in-the-count corn bags.
2. The points of the lowest scoring contestant for hole-in corn bags
are subtracted from the points of the highest scoring contestant for
hole-in corn bags. The result is the hole-in score for the highest
scoring contestant. The hole-in score for the lowest scoring contestant
3. The points of the lowest scoring contestant for in-the-count
corn bags are subtracted from the points of the highest scoring
contestant for in-the-count corn bags. The result is the in-the-count
score for the highest scoring contestant. The in-the-count score for
the lowest scoring contestant is zero.
3. The hole-in score for each contestant is added to the
in-the-count score for each contestant to derive the recorded score for
4. In this manner hole-in and in-the–count corn bags from each
contestant or team of contestants are cancelled out and only non
cancelled corn bags are counted in the score.
Section C. Individual Hole-In Percentage Scoring (HI%)
- For purposes of calculating individual Cornhole / Corn Toss Hole-In
percentages (see Rule 9 below) that is reported to ACA by members for
purposes of ACA ranking and awards, ALL corn bags pitched in-the-hole
are included in the total used to derive these percentages including
those that would be eliminated under cancellation scoring rules. Only
corn bags determined to be foul would be excluded from the individual
Section D. Recording The Score - In tournament play, the score
sheet shall be the official record of the game and will be used to
submit the Official Tournament Scoring Summaries to the ACA (see Rule 9
below). Contestants are encouraged to pay close attention to the score
at all times. It is highly recommended that visible scoreboard (that
all contestants can review and verify for accuracy) be used to keep
score during tournament play. If a question or discrepancy occurs
regarding the correct score, the contestant(s) may approach the scorer
between innings to rectify the situation. If the discrepancy cannot be
corrected to the satisfaction of both contestants, a tournament judge
shall be called to make the final decision.
RULE 8 - APPROPRIATE ACA MEMBER CONDUCT
Section A. On The Courts - An ACA
member, while in competition, shall make no disturbing noises or
movements that would distract the opponent or competitors on adjacent
courts. The first offense shall call for a warning from the judge or
tournament official. A second offense shall call for a forfeiture of
the game being played. Any further offenses shall call for a forfeiture
of all games.
Section B. Off The Courts - Any ACA member who indulges in
heckling, unfair rooting, or any other form of unsportsmanlike conduct
toward any ACA member or tournament official, shall be subject to
expulsion from the tournament and the tournament site. This covers any
inappropriate behavior (including profane or abusive language) in, or
around, the court area. The member shall also be subject to a one year
suspension from the ACA.
RULE 9 – ACA RANKING AND AWARDS
Section A. ACA Rankings And Awards -
The ACA shall track and report the Cornhole / Corn Toss results of all
members that report their scores from ACA sanctioned tournaments. From
these statistical results, the ACA shall select and sponsor the Cornholer of the Year award to be presented to the best ACA member Cornhole player relative to all other members around the country.
Section B. Basis For ACA Rankings And Awards - The ACA uses the Hole-In Percentage (HI%)as a basis for comparative rankings and awards.
The Hole-In percentage is calculated as follows:
# corn bags in the hole / (# Innings Pitched * 4)
The ACA Cornholer of the Year will be selected and posted on the ACA
web site each Labor Day base on play for the previous 12 months.
Section C. Reporting To The ACA - Members hosting ACA sanctioned
tournaments will be responsible for submitting ACA Official Tournament
Scoring Summaries to the ACA at the completion of every ACA sanctioned
tournament. The scoring summaries set forth the names and ACA
membership ID numbers for each contestant, the number of innings
pitched and the number of hole-ins pitched for the tournament.
Download copy of the ACA Tournament Scoring Sheets and the ACA Tournament Scoring Summary.
Section D. Updating And Reporting - The official rankings will
be updated and published on a monthly basis. Monthly and cumulative to
date HI% statistics will be reported for each ACA member that
authorizes the release of this information in their membership
application. ACA Official Statistical Reporting Summaries received by
the 25th of each month will be included in that months updated results.
Scoring summaries received after that date will be included in the next
RULE 10 – ACA SANCTIONED TOURNAMENT PLAY
Section A. Hosting An ACA sanctioned Tournament
1. Any member of the ACA may host an ACA sanctioned Cornhole / Corn Toss tournament.
2. Responsibilities Of Hosting. The ACA hosting member is responsible
for making sure that the equipment meets all ACA standards and that ACA
rules of play are enforced during the tournament. The hosting member
should also act as judge in resolving any ruling issues at the
3. Reporting Results. The Hosting member is required to submit the
ACA Official Statistical Reporting Summary for all ACA members
competing in the tournament within two weeks of the completion of play.
For a downloadable copy of the ACA Tournament Scoring Summary.
Section B. Tournament Play - The standard method of play for an
ACA sanctioned tournament is double elimination seated bracket style
tournament play. For smaller tournaments round-robin play may be used
where each contestant plays every other contestant. At the end of
round-robin play, winners shall be determined by win-loss records or
hole-in percentage. If ties occur, they shall be settled by playoff,
who-beat-whom or one of the other methods that was not used to
determine the winner.
Download copy of sample tournament sheets.
Section C. Publicity For Your Tournament - All ACA sanctioned
Cornhole / Corn Toss tournaments will be posted on our up-coming
tournaments list on the ACA web site. The ACA will also post your
results, pictures and comments requested by any ACA member.
Section D. Handicapping - Handicapping may be used in open
tournaments and league play. The amount of the handicap shall be
determined by the tournament host or Judge.